Ana Arahuetes is a Geological Engineer, with a MSc in Hidrology and Water Resource Managemente. Nowadays she´s a PhD candidate, and this poster is a result of a pre-doctoral fellowship Researcher Training National Programme for Scientific Research, Development and Technological Innovation Research (FPI) and inserted in the research project "Construction and water metabolism in the coast of Alicante: trend analysis for the period 2000-2010 "(CSO2012-36997-CO2-02) funded by the Ministry of Economy and Finance.
Floods are among the most frequent natural hazards in the Mediterranean region and in particular in the area of Orihuela Costa (Alicante). Since flooding is a natural phenomenon intrinsic to river systems, the problem occurs when man occupies the areas susceptible to flooding. On the Mediterranean coast there are two favorable aspects for these floods, which are the strong urbanization suffered during the "real estate bubble" and irregular rainfall that occurs mainly between September and November, and often in a torrential way. To exemplify this compendium of circumstances the ravine of La Zenia will be studied, focusing on (i) the hydrological characteristics of the basin, (ii) the human occupation that has suffered in recent years within the framework of flooding and (iii) the basin reaction during these tumultuous events. The methodology, steps and tools used for the study are a compendium of different methods proposed in Spain for this type of study. In this poster we also refer to the legislation in terms of urbanization and flood prevention applicable in these cases. This example highlights how strong urban development has turned the ravine main channels into the urbanization streets, which has eventually led to heavy losses, mainly material and economic. In this situation, it is necessary to adopt a series of measures to try to minimize the risk associated with floods and mitigate their consequences.
Alrenice Castro has completed her PhD at the age of 33 years from both University of São Paulo (Brazil) and Minho University (Portugal). Now she continues the multidisciplinary postdoctoral studies at Porto University. She has a scholarship from CAPES foundation at CIIMAR, the Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research from Porto University.
Modern science has had interest in establishing approaches for defining patterns present in environmental data measurements, especially in remote sensing investigation. In the Atlantic Ocean, only the phytoplankton of the northern hemisphere has been investigated, mainly from collections made with remote sensing. This is so because most of the newest orbital sensors, responsible for bio monitoring, are maintained by governmental weather agencies of northern hemisphere countries only. In this paper, it is suggested applying exploratory functional data analysis (FDA) to investigate the relationships between chlorophyll-a concentrations and conditions at the sea surface in the Tropical South Atlantic Ocean and their variability over recent years. FDA is a relatively new branch in statistics. Data measurements of smooth processes over time may come from a process naturally described as functional. In this study the case of functional data presenting spatial dependence is focused on. FDA was applied to check more than 850 time series chlorophyll-a and sea surface temperature data and to help to identify important statistical patterns in both datasets. Results allow us to conclude that phytoplankton bio-dynamics functions response is influenced by several physical boundary conditions such as area, temperature and coastal effects. Finally, this paper attempts to make a contribution to oceanographic implications on global change effects.