Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 4th International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change Melia Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Day 2 :

  • Track 2: Meteorology and Planetary Sciences
    Track 5: Technologies and Applications of Earth Science
Location: Terra Mitica
Speaker

Chair

Fedora Quattrocchi

Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Italy

Speaker

Co-Chair

Yung-Cheng Chang

Minghsin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Speaker
Biography:

Fedora Quattrocchi is a “Research Director” technologist at INGV. She received his Earth Sciences Degree at University “La Sapienza” of Rome “cum laudem” in 1988. She was a contract Professor of University of Rome Tor vergata, Enginnering. She tutored a lot of degree theses and PhD students over different Italian universities. She was II level International Master “Technologies for the Greenhouse Gases reduction” University of Perugia (2004), Master Business School Il Sole24 Ore: “Multimedial Communication and Economical-Political Journalism” Responsible, since 2007, of Functional Unit “Fluid Geochemistry, Geological Storage and Geothermics” INGV Section “Seismicity and tectonophysics”. She is Director of Research in Line Energy and Georesources, Rome 1, INGV.

Abstract:

In the frame of energy/heat production from underground by new and enhanced technologies, the paper considers the Italian Commissione ICHESE case history as an international commission involved by local policy of the Emilia Romagna Region to answer two question where the first was completely out to any rational consideration, namely a political question than a scientific question to experts coming from abroad! The paper will rework any step-in science and communication-of this “dark side of the moon” of the complex relationships between stakeholders, policy makers, journalists and science despite the early and fruitful cooperation between industry and Academia/Research Centers in the frame of growing needs of “Debate Publique”. This complex and motley stakeholders community made by scientific-industry-institutions is involved in the difficult task to study and accept (or refuse) projects strongly impacting the lived territory & underground in densely populated countries in terms of appropriate public communication and sound deontological behavior (Geo-ethics). Successively, the paper recalls and rework years of “scientific” communication within the mass-media in this field highlighting the positive and negative messages in comparison to the true and objective scientific experimental data gathered by the real scientific work as perceived by citizens of medium scholastic culture which not delve the geologic disciplines but receive simply the journalistic front-end very often as sensationalist scoop. This path progressively tangles as a consequence of the complex and with conflicting use of underground to produce energy (hydrocarbons, heat as well as geo gas storage, geothermal reserves, unconventional gas exploitation and REE mining).

J. Sanchez del Río Saez

Rey Juan Carlos University
Spain

Title: Muons detection and the climate change

Time : 09:20-09:40

Speaker
Biography:

J. Sánchez de Río has completed his PhD at the age of 28 years from Autónoma University and he has done his postdoctoral studies at the IEM-CSIC Experimental Nuclear Physics Group. He is now working as a researcher in the Statistics and Informatics department at Rey Juan Carlos University. He has published more than 25 papers in reputed journals and 4 patents related to Biometrics. He has participated in many international conferences related to Environmental Science, Photonics, Nuclear Science and Pattern Recognition. He has been lecturer of Biophysics at IE University.

Abstract:

It is evident that the climate is changing and that the temperature of our planet is increasing. On the other hand the use of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) and other chemical compounds accelerate the destruction of the ozone molecules in the stratosphere. In this work a method to explain the UV-B radiation and temperature variation on the Earth surface and that is not correlated to a change in the solar but to an ozone layer thickness diminution is proposed. The increase in size of the solar flares and consequently to the cosmic muons detected on the Earth surface can be the reason of an increase of the UV-B radiation emitted by the sun. Firstly the data obtained with an UV-B spectrometer that captures the amount of diffuse and direct UV-B radiation coming from the sun and that goes through the different atmosphere layers is presented. Using statistical methods for several years a deviation of the normality in the UV-B radiation measured in a specific location is probably owed to a change in the amount of stratospheric ozone. Secondly an energy histogram and rate of the muons detected last year with a phoswich array of LaBr3 and LaCl3 scintillators is presented. This new detector is a close-pack of four individual scintillator detectors, each of them made of 4 cm of LaBr3(Ce) and 6 cm of LaCl3(Ce) in phoswich configuration (optically coupled and with a common readout). The higher the muons rate, the more UV-B radiation deposits energy on the Earth surface.

Yung-Cheng Chang

Minghsin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Title: Objective analysis of typhoon Longwang (2005) intensity using satellite multi-channel observations

Time : 09:40-10:00

Speaker
Biography:

Yung-Cheng Chang got his PhD from National Chiao-Tung University in Taiwan R.O.C. With 12 years industry experience, he joined the Mingshin University of Science and Technology in 1995 and is an associate professor in the Computer Science and Information Engineering department. He dedicates part of his work in earth science/climate observation and social study of the connection of Taiwan’s irrigation canals/water resources and the historical development of population and industry.

Abstract:

The present study used the spectral features of the IR1 and WV channels of the satellite to define a new index, the brightness temperature of the infrared window channel minus the brightness temperature of the water vapor channel divided by the brightness temperature of the infrared window channel plus the brightness temperature of the water vapor channel. The values obtained by this formula are called the Normalized Difference Convection Index (NDCI) values. The NDCI was applied to determine the intensity of Typhoon Longwang (2005). The study tried to perform correlation analyses with NDCI and maximum sustained wind speed for various ranges within the circles of 50km to 500km radius with a typhoon eye as the center. First, NDCI values in various ranges were fit to a probability density function with a Gaussian distribution. Then, the mean (μ) and standard deviation (σ) were derived. The mean value and coefficient of Variation (CV=σ/μ) showed a high correlation with the maximum sustained wind speed for ranges within the circles of 175 km to 300 km radius under the situations that the typhoon eye was not formed or covered by the high anvils and cirrus layers and the typhoon eye was clear. According to the preliminary result of this study, NDCI shows promise for the monitoring of typhoon intensity of a typhoon. More discussions will be shown in the conference.

Speaker
Biography:

Not Available

Abstract:

Climate change is a major issue of our generation that requires searching beyond the individual actions of composting, recycling and reducing water use to exploring unconventional social and political solutions. One course of action of interest understands the relationship between the educational systems of countries in developed nations and the values and ideas that youth from those educational systems adopt. Climate-friendly ideas, political ideologies and values are dictated by the quality of the education that youth receive at the dawn of their childhood and this becomes an important factor to consider since youth of today will be the leaders of tomorrow and will be the ones to face some of the more serious consequences of climate change. This paper explores the impact of the educational systems around the world on youth empowerment, points out the flaws in the education of climate and environmental sciences in case studies such as the Toronto District School Board and suggests ways of working within the educational framework to instill greater interest of youth in the climate dilemma. The conclusion is that the group of actors in the educational systems, instructors of young students are the actors that will be the most effective messengers of climate-friendly ideologies. Through empowering instructors in schools who already have the right values and belief systems to protect the environment, youth at a young age can be influenced to adopt similar thoughts and to be empowered to continue to tackle this major issue.

Speaker
Biography:

George Dimadis currently is a PhD student in laboratory of technical geology, department of civil engineering at Aristotle university of Thessaloniki. He graduated civil engineering school at AUTH and holds two Master degrees in Underground constructions (N.T.U.A.) and Environmental Protection (A.U.Th.).

Abstract:

Global warming might be the most difficult challenge humanity ever faced, emitting less greenhouse gases seems to be the only solution to the problem. The major greenhouse gas, CO2, is closely related to economic and social growth. Keeping both, growth and low CO2 emission is a challenge. Green energy sources (wind, solar energy) can contribute in greenhouse gas emission control but not on time. The most promising technology for immediate results is CO2 capture and underground storage. Even though Greece has reduced CO2 emissions per capita during the last decade (mainly due to austerity) has still to find solutions for long time sustainability. Potential CO2 storage sites has to be selected and tested. By injecting CO2 underground, acidification of deep saline reservoir water occurs, due to formationof carbonic acid. In long term porous rockmass and their discontinuities might be susceptible to corrosion, especially if their calcite percentage is high.Potential rockmass mechanical losses might impact reservoir’s sealing integrity, and lead at CO2 leakage. In this study sandstone from a potential storage formation in Greece, is tested in situ with CO2-water exposure.We measured losses in mechanical properties under static and cyclic loading. Extracted conclusions were introduced in computer simulation to estimate long term reservoir behavior.

Ahdyeh Mosadegh

Curtin University
Australia

Title: Bearing capacity evaluation of footing on a layered-soil using ABAQUS

Time : 11:00-11:20

Speaker
Biography:

Mosadegh A is a Postgraduate students under the supervision of Dr Hamid Nikraz in department of civil engineering at Curtin University, Australia

Abstract:

In this paper, finite element method (FEM) is applied to calculate bearing capacity of a strip footing on one-layer and two-layer soil. Computations are carried out using commercial finite element software, ABAQUS toassess effect of various geotechnical and geometric parameters on soil failure mechanism under the footing. Soil profile contains two soil types including sand and clay. Soil behaviour is represented by the elasto-plastic Drucker-Prager model and footing material is assumed isotropic and linear elastic. For a homogenous soil profile, the effect of soil properties such as dilation angel and initial condition as well as footing roughness are assessed on soil failure mechanism under the footing. For this case, the bearing capacity is also obtained which has a good agreement with Terzaghi’s calculation. For a layered soil, soft-over-strong soil, the effect of layer thickness, soil shear strength and material property on bearing capacity value and failure mechanism is studied. It is concluded that the bearing capacity of footing decreases as the height of clayey soil increases whilst the displacement under footing increases. However, the stronger bottom layer does not affect ultimate bearing capacity value of footing and displacement of footing after some thickness of clayey soil on top.

Ying Ma

University of Coimbra
Portugal

Title: Rhizobacterium Bacillus sp. SC2b and its role in phytoextraction

Time : 11:20-11:40

Speaker
Biography:

Ying Ma is a researcher in the center for functional ecology at University of Coimbra, Portugal. She completed her Postdoc in Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, China in the year of 2012. Her research interests are Plant and environmental biology, Plant-microbe-metal interaction and Bioremediation-heavy metal phytoremediation

Abstract:

Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) have tremendous potential to facilitate plant growth under abiotic stress and for environmental decontamination (Ma et al. 2011). However, combining plants and microbes in multi-metal phytoremediation systems challenging. A PGPB strain SC2b was isolated from the rhizosphere of Sedum plumbizincicola grown in lead (Pb)/zinc (Zn) mine soils and characterized as Bacillus sp. based on (1) morphological and biochemical characteristics and (2) partial 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing analysis. Strain SC2b exhibited high-levels of resistance to cadmium (Cd) (300 mg/L), Zn (730 mg/L) and Pb (1400 mg/L). This strain also showed various plant growth-promoting (PGP) features such as utilization of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate, solubilization of phosphate, production of indole-3-acetic acid and siderophore. The strain mobilized high concentration of heavy metals from soils and exhibited different biosorption capacity towards the tested metal ions. Strain SC2b was further assessed for PGP activity by phytagar assay with a model plant Brassica napus. Inoculation of SC2b increased the biomass and vigor index of B. napus. Considering such potential, a pot experiment was conducted to assess the effects of inoculating the metal-resistant PGPB SC2b on growth and uptake of Cd, Zn and Pb by S. plumbizincicola in metal-contaminated agricultural soils. Inoculation with SC2b elevated the shoot and root biomass and leaf chlorophyll content of S. plumbizincicola. Similarly, plants inoculated with SC2b demonstrated markedly higher Cd and Zn accumulation in the root and shoot system indicating that SC2b enhanced Cd and Zn uptake by S. plumbizincicola through metal mobilization or plant-microbial mediated changes in chemical or biological soil properties. Data demonstrated that the PGPB Bacillus sp. SC2b might serve as a future biofertilizer and an effective metal mobilizing bioinoculant for phytoextraction of metal polluted soils

  • Workshop on: Blue Green Dream’s integrated interactions for integrated planning for urban sustainability and resilience
Location: Terra Mitica
Speaker

Chair

Cedo Maksimovic

Imperial College of London, UK

  • Workshop on: Heliogerontology at the epoch of cosmoplanetary and climate changes
Location: Terra Mitica
Speaker

Chair

Alexander Trofimov

ISRICA, Russia

Session Introduction

Alexander Trofimov

ISRICA
Russia

Title: Heliogerontology at the epoch of cosmoplanetary and climate changes

Time : 14:00-14:20

Speaker
Biography:

Alexander Trofimov has completed his MD (Doctor of Medicine) in 1998 from Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. During many years he was (until 2010) Chief of laboratory of Helio-climatopathology of Scientific Center of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. From 1994 and now he is the director of International Scientific Research Institute of Cosmic Anthropoecology.He has 7 patents, published 6 monographs and more than 65 papers in reputed journals.

Abstract:

There investigated the author's hypothesis for amount of the solar activity during prenatal development of the human organism, detecting gene expression responsible for the level of metabolism and age processes that can restrict man’s lifespan and, specially, at periods of cosmoplanetary and climate change. Development of each person, since the prenatal period, proceeds in continuous interaction with helio-geophysical environment, depending on individual helio-magneto sensitivity of an organism. At the 6th European Congress of International Association of gerontology and geriatrics in St.-Petersburg, on July 5-8th, 2007 for the first time we have designated helio-biophysical aspects of geriatrics. The discussion proceeded at the 6th European Congress on biogerontology in the Netherlands on November 30 - December 3, 2008. There were shown significant differences in mean values of solar activity (Wolf number; W) on the 8th month of prenatal development in the persons of 30-50 years old (W=88.8+/- 12.2). On the other hand, in the persons of 51-70 years old (W= 88.4 +/- 8.4) as compared with the group of the elderly people of 71-90 years old (W=32.9 +/- 3.7) and longest living people, older than 90 years (W+32.9 +/-3.7), (P < 0.05). The pronounced group differences in prenatal helio-geophysical environment, estimated by using the computer program HELIOS (Ru Reg. Cert. 970125, 24.08.1997). Thus, the situation most favorable for long living arises in such cases that had shown the prenatal ontogenesis that runs in conditions of minor solar activity. It’s supposed that rate of organism aging in case of controversial helio-physical situation (high solar activity) may increase man lifespan restrictions. There was a task in view: To develop a new generation of helio-protector means for people with high helio-sensitivity and high risk of accelerated aging of increasing of sun proton streams at conditions of geomagnetic deprivation. Such means created and patented in Russia (patent RU 2342149, 27.12.2008), and they were named helio-gero-protectors (the beverages «AquaHelios», «Altin-Suu», «Heliostar-3»). Tests on bio-objects show high efficiency of such protectors on water and holographic basic increase in life expectancy of plants, the survival rate of flies-drosophila. It increases in level steroid hormones, anabolic processes and reduction of speed of aging estimated in relation of stable isotopes of carbon 13C/12C in tissues (hair) in males-rats (n=30), born at high activity of the Sun and using special informational light-a hologram (patent RU 2239860, 10.112004) or for drink within 1 month water helio-protectors. Change of the level of isotope 13C in tissues (hairs), where content was detected by mass- spectrometer Delta and the vector of correlation of the decreasing or increasing of this isotope with sun proton streams may be a new marker of rate of human aging and criteria of helio-gero-protectors efficiency. The approbation of similar water-protectors (beverages created by using new hypogeomagnetic and light-holographic devices on healthy people-volunteers (n=116). These volunteers prenatal ontogenesis passed in the background of high solar activity, showed significant changes in the vector of correlation dependence of their functional parameters from many factors (streams of protons, electrons, neutrons), i.e. reduction of helio-sensitivity of an organism. There are new helio-biophysical horizons of non-medical decrease in rate of human aging designated already.

Taisiya Kuznetsova

Research Institute of Cosmic Anthropecology
Russia

Title: Holografically processed water as a cardiovascular and psychophysiological helioprotector

Time : 14:20-14:40

Speaker
Biography:

Taisiya Kuznetsova, PhD, is a cardiologist graduated from medical school in 1979 year, and is the chief of department of rehabilitation in Academician E.N. Meshalkin Novosibirsk State Research Institute of Circulation Pathology from 2000. Since 2014 she is the Director at The wellness centre methods "Apsara", and during many years she worked in various programs of International Scientific-Research Institute of Cosmic Anthropoecology, Novosibirsk.

Abstract:

Problem of geomagnetic deprivation is a problem of cosmoplanetary and climate change and have been recently increasing on account of sun’s protons stream, influence of solar at conditions of geomagnetic deprivation. Cardiovascular system is the most sensitive for helio-geophysical factors: Dynamics of morbidity, frequency worsening. To observe study by International Scientific-Research Institute of Cosmic Anthropoecology holografic processed water is helioprotector means, there had been an experimental study in Novosibirsk with holografically processed water. Object of study was effects for hemodynamics and psychophysiological parameters from drinking holografically processed water and change functional dependence from heliogeophysical factors on different phases of ontogenesis. Design: Study starting parameters, before and after drinking water. There were two variety of the water: control and experiment. Healthy volunteers (7 women and 1 man, mean age- 51 year (38-64) ) have signed voluntary consent. Healthy volunteeries had been drinkihg water for 7-10 days in number оne of liter/day. There was double blind investigation. Study methods: • Speed of running of the pulse wave, endothelial function (EF) had made on the device « Tonocard», the company OOO « AMDT», Russia. • The critical frequency of merge light flashing (CFMF) - reflects the mobility of nervous processes in the cortical division of visual analyzer, diagnoses pathologic processes of vision, the degree of fatigue of the eyes. Simple visual-motor reaction (SVMR) – identifies type of nervous system, power and balanced of nervous system. Reaction to a moving object (RMO) –reflects balance of nervous processes and functionality. It had made on the device «Neurosoft», Russia. • Diary of observations; data, the time and conditions of birth. • Programs of statistical processing «Stastistica 6.0». Heliophysical settings used: Sun's proton streams and these metrics, had been done in this study. Statistical correlation analyses were done. There were shown positive change in function of endothelium. It is known function of endothelium is main factor biochemical and physiological process, which is being in vasculars. It was shown significant positive change in endothelial function; this means influence of drinking holographically processed water to appearance of cardiovascular disease. It was revealed correlation CFMF, increasing after drinking holographically processed water, with the number of Wolf (NW) at the moment the ninth month of prenatal development. Also It was revealed significant inverse correlation between physiological and heliophysical parameters. It shows about synchronizing the influence of holographically processed water to physiological and hemodynamic parameters. This means helioprotectory influence of holographically processed water. This creates great prospects to use holographically processed water for people sensitive to heliophysical settings and climate change.

Marina Trubina

Russian State Hydrometeorological University
Russia

Title: Project “Biomet_Forecast”: Human’s adaptation to weather changes

Time : 14:40-15:00

Speaker
Biography:

Marina Trubina has completed his PhD from Russian St. Hydrometeorological University (RSHU), St. Petersburg. She is the director of computer center, researcher and assistant professor from RSHU, has published more than 200 papers in scientific journals. She is Chairman of the Commission of medical geography of the Russian Geographical Society, a member of the International Society of Biometeorology (ISB), renowned expert in the field of applied climatology, biometeorology, human ecology and space weather. She actively participates in scientific activities in Russia and the world.

Abstract:

Weather and climate have a multifaceted impact on human health, and the processes of human’s adaptation to different climatic conditions depend on the medical and geographical characteristics of the regions of human habitation, the state of his health and genetic factors. The universality action heliogeophysical, climatic and weather factors on biological objects, and above all a man requires a modernization of special methods for assessing and predicting environmental comfort and health of the population, given the current criteria and age groups (older people in risk group), which is especially important in terms of global climate change. Development innovative Project “Biomet_Forecast” for practice shows that this complex is always allocated the most urgent problems that should be addressed immediately use the biometeorological assessment of weather and climate of especially extreme characteristics which influence health and main types of a disease. The purpose and tasks of the presented work is the: 1. Investigation of the complex environmental parameters in the region of St. Petersburg and their influence upon the human health; 2. Establishment system of early warning of adverse weather or environmental conditions in the megalopolises; 3. Development of methods of an assessment and forecasting of meteorological and geophysical factors, and possible environmental pollution in various climatic and physiographic conditions. The social meaning of project “Biomet_Forecast” is important because research results forecasting are presented in mass media for a wide audience.

Speaker
Biography:

Vincenzo Valenzi is the President from 2007 of CIFA, Centro Studi di Biometeorologia Roma, and Director of Integrative Medicine department in IURS.

Abstract:

The atmospheric electric charge plays an important role both on the climate genesis and on the weather evolution. And it is a parameter to measure air pollution, mainly in confined environment. A high correlation can be shown between the electric conductivity of the low atmosphere and the air ionization, which determines the formation of the microclimate in which the man lives. At the same time, we can exhibit a model that is able to focus on the importance of the amount of positive and negative ions in influencing both the physiological parameters that the behavioral ones in man. New profiles of research demand new techniques of measurement to improve the results already obtained and to get a better control of the phenomenological aspects; in order to build models or theories that can give a deeper insight of many interaction mechanisms. The models we are working on need to be checked by a measure instrument with a higher resolving power, thus we are preparing an advanced electronics device to reveal and measure air ions, their electric current and other important parameters. About this instrument, it will be the “Generation II” of another one, that already got appreciable results in researches performed for all these years: the goal is to improve the general performances; mainly, to reach a resolving power up to a 10 Fenton Ampere current (10-5 nA).

Speaker
Biography:

Gualtiero A.N. Valeri, General Secretary of CIFA - International Committée for Research and Study on Environmental Factors, Bellinzona.President of Montevenda Engineering International Association, Lugano Confirmed Professor at Universitary Hight School “St. Rita”, Florentia Owner of Valeri Consulenza Industriale – Main Office in Lugano, Experimental laboratory in Stabio

Abstract:

Over the past three decades there has been much talked about, at all levels, the problem of climate change, and the extent to which it is due to natural and/or anthropogenic factors. Beyond this, however, it is an important question and that is could answer even assuming a competition to both natural and artificial factors, is to keep in mind that the climate of our Planet, even in historical times, it has undergone many significant and sometimes sudden changes, even when it was not possible to attribute to them an important competition of human activities.However a new fact with respect to the past centuries, and very important, is that the change currently underway on Humanity could have a much greater impact than in the past. For example, when the oceans will increase in level, will not be the most affected by this few million people living in small or medium-sized coastal towns, but billions, and their migration towards more internal areas of the continents would appear as an exodus unprecedented in history of Humanity. Another example, is that changes in climate are changing not only the agricultural productivity in many regions of the Planet, but also the nutritional value of some cultivated species: in recent times has been highlighted a significant fall in nutritional power of rice cultived in the Far East, which could result in a serious nutritional deficit to two billion people.Among the measures that will have a preventive double effect on those described above, the recovery of biodiversity of plant species (that would protect at the same time, too many animal species from extinction) and the re-launch and recovery of agriculture, especially a “sustainable agriculture”. In this sense we have, for example, in the world today large areas desertified or whose fertility is drastically decreased. As is well known, the different plant cover of the soil also affects significantly the amount of solar radiation reflected and/or absorbed. The presence of a plant cover also prevents soil erosion and adjusts the evaporation of water from the soil. Specific plant species can facilitate the process of elimination/immobilization of to natural or artificial toxic contaminants restoring the balance altered. Also, and not least, is to investigate the effect it can have some plant species more than others on the electric charges of the atmosphere, which could derive action about form or less of precipitation.The restoration and upgrading of many agricultural desertified or abandoned areas would give a significant positive contribution about what is expressed above, but also would prevent the adverse effects on human communities resulting from a decrease in food availability caused by climatic changes, both contrasting phenomena that would make anyway hard to stay human, such as changes in the microclimate, floods, landslides, decreased availability or contamination of water resources.Complementare ed indispensabile ai fini esposti è una corretta gestione delle risorse idriche sia regimando le acque, sia migliorando la loro utilizzazione, sia prevenendone la contaminazione. Complementary and essential in order to above, is proper management of water resources, both regulating the superficial waters (rivers, lakes, etc.), either by improving their use, both by preventing contamination. In this sense, at present, is developing a omportant project to restore the environment and agriculture in the Ecuadorian province of Bolívar (not far from the volcano Chimborazo), together with the State University of Bolívar, from which it is believed will return results relevant to verification of the abo.

  • Workshop on: Creating a Cubic Cloud: Microclimatic phenomena into nanoporous materials
Location: Terra Mitica
Speaker

Chair

Ioannis Michaloudis

Kingdom University, Bahrain