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5th International Conference on Earth Science & Climate Change

bangkok, Thailand

Nonilona Daquiado

Central Mindanao University, Philippines

Title: Controlling methane emissions in a vermicompost-applied maapag paddy soil during rice cultivation


Biography: Nonilona Daquiado


Vermicompost application is important for increasing rice productivity and minimizing methane (CH4) emissions in paddy soil. However, its effect on CH4 emissions in the Philippines have not been thoroughly evaluated. This study aimed to assess the effect of vermicompost at rate of 2 tons ha-1 applied alone or in combination with recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers (RRIF) at 80-40-60 N-P2O5-K2O kg ha-1 on CH4 emission and productivity in a typical mono-rice Maapag clay in Northern Mindanao. The treatments included: Control (no fertilizer), full RRIF, vermicompost alone, ½ RRIF, ½ RRIF + vermicompost and RRIF + vermicompost. Rice productivity increased significantly with inorganic NPK fertilizer application and more with combined inorganic NPK and vermicompost. Methane emission rates, which were measured by closed-chamber method, increased significantly with vermicompost applications but the total CH4 flux per grain yield did not significantly differ between inorganic NPK fertilization alone and inorganic fertilization + vermicompost. Similarly, total CH4 flux per grain yield was the highest in the full recommended rate of inorganic fertilizers + vermicompost but did not significantly differ with ½ RRIF + vermicompost and 2 tons vermicompost alone treatments. Our findings revealed that vermicompost application can be an effective organic amendment to increase rice productivity without significantly increasing CH4 emission, which is comparable to the CH4 flux per grain yield of inorganic fertilization alone in a Philippine mono-rice cultivation systems.